How to become a tester: Tips for beginners
You’re likely to have heard a lot about quality assurance testing, if you are considering a career in IT.
QA testing is a highly-demanded job. It requires basic technical skills, but is also very versatile. This allows for a wide range of career options in IT and QA.
Before you jump on the bandwagon, it’s important to understand what QA testing looks like, where you can find them, and what responsibilities you have as a QA tester.
What is Quality Assurance Testing?
QA testing is the process by which a system or its components are tested to ensure that it meets all requirements and works well. It also gives users a great experience.
Quality assurance is generally the last stage of product development. QA testers ensure that the product is bug free before it’s delivered to customers and distributed.
Quality assurance is not only about identifying any errors that might hinder end-users’ experiences when using the product. It also seeks out missing requirements and gaps in the product.
QA testers are essential to ensure that the company offers excellent product development services to clients.
Types of QA Testing: Automation vs. Manual Automation
You can either use automated or manual tools to test for quality assurance. Both methods have the same goal, but they differ in their respective methods.
Manual testing is performed by a human tester who performs each step of the test. The tester reviews all product features and then generates a test report. This is done without any testing tools or scripts.
Manual testing is a classic QA method. It is more appropriate for beginners and people who don’t like coding. The main benefit of manual testing is the possibility for humans to evaluate the product’s usability.
On the other hand, manual QA can be more time-consuming than automated testing and is less reliable.
Automated testing is when testers create scripts with special tools to automate product testing execution. These pre-scripted tests run automatically and evaluate whether the product works as it should.
The greatest advantage of QA automation testing is the faster execution speed compared with manual methods.
Automated QA is more reliable in terms of reliability because it eliminates human error. However, scrips can miss bugs that might otherwise be obvious to a human.
Automation testers who are interested in becoming automation experts should be aware that the testing method requires knowledge of programming languages to write scripts and the ability to work with frameworks like Selenide, Serenity Data Driven, Hybrid or BDD.
Quality Assurance Tester Skills
You will need to have a combination of technical and soft skills in order to be a successful QA tester. This section will cover the basics of each type.
This article focuses on technical skills for automation testers. However, manual testing can be enjoyed by anyone.
Technical QA Tester Skills
are required for the creation of test scripts. QA testers generally know the following languages: Ruby, Python Java, C#, and Java.
The vast majority of software is installed on Linux. It is therefore essential that test engineers are familiar with Linux and its commands.
SQL and database skills
Software testers must be familiar with the basics of databases in order to insert, delete, update, or verify data. A tester must be able to execute SQL commands and queries in order to do this.
- Test tool skills
Software testers use tools like Selenium and Robotium to test browsers, desktops, APIs and other software.
These are just a few of the technical skills required by QA testers.
They may also have to be familiar with UNIX commands and API, Version Control System, and other defect tracking tools.
The technical skills required for different projects and companies will differ, so it is important to focus your efforts on your interests and passions.
It is important to note that quality assurance testers must constantly improve their technical skills. The development industry is expanding at a rapid pace.
Soft QA tester skills
are essential for QA testers. You need to be able to dissect complex systems into smaller units, understand their features and operations, and then break them down.
While it might seem like QA testing can be done alone, testers must have excellent verbal and written communication skills.
QA testing requires you to create many plans, strategies and reports. You will also be working closely alongside a development team who can be a little defensive about their code.
Time management skills
A successful QA tester requires efficient workflow, productivity and good time management.
The right mindset
QA testers’ attention to detail is crucial. Testers who are open to learning will be able to keep up with the latest product developments. A proactive approach will make them stand out in this competitive industry.
What are the QA Tester’s Responsibilities?
Product development is only as good as the quality assurance. It is responsible for ensuring that the digital product runs smoothly, is bug-free, and is error-free.
Different stages of the development process have different tests that are performed by testers. These tests include functional, scalability and user acceptance.
To facilitate product enhancements, QA testers must share their test results with the development team. QA testers are often brought in during the early stages of product development, such as product design or planning.
They remain involved throughout and after launch support. Most testers work alongside development teams and rely on the DevOps methodology , which combines development and operations.
This means that the product is created, tested and delivered in a continuous loop, where developers, testers, developers and all other team members work together to maximize product results.
Quality assurance testers, in addition to their work with development teams are responsible for interacting with clients to understand product requirements.
Where can I learn about QA Testing?
You can learn basic QA skills online, just like any other digital skill. You can find a lot of online courses, both paid and free, on QA testing via platforms like Udemy and Coursera.
Apart from courses, it is possible to start your QA journey by learning some of the most popular programming languages such as Java, C# and Python. There are many tutorials available on YouTube that address both specific questions about QA testing as well as the basic concepts.
Demo websites such as Demoblaze, WPmobilepack and Juice-Shop are available for QA testers to practice their skills. These demo eCommerce sites can be used to improve your software testing skills.
How to find work as a Quality Assurance Tester
We’ve already mentioned that the market is in high demand for QA testers. You can choose to do manual or automated testing.
Or you could work for one of the top software testing companies who outsources their services to software agencies. Quality assurance testers may also find incredible freelance opportunities.
Quality assurance testers may move into other career paths, such as DevOps, product managers, QA strategists or full-time developers. Quality assurance is an attractive career option that will surely reach its peak, as more and more people use software every day.
The bottom Line
Automated testing is an excellent career choice for those who are keen to learn programming. It currently offers higher salaries and a brighter future in the automation-striving field.
Manual QA is an excellent choice for anyone just starting in IT. It’s possible for manual testers learn to code and then switch to automated testing if needed. In fact, they might find that their manual QA experience will be a benefit to their job search efforts.